Bread made without yeast. Instructions are given in the OT (Lev. 24:5–9) for twelve [[➝ Twelve, the]] loaves of unleavened bread to be placed in the Temple as an offering to the Lord. On the Sabbath the priests renewed them, consuming the old loaves. David, in an emergency, once ate this bread at Nob (1 Sam. 21:4–6), an incident cited by Jesus to justify an infringement of the Sabbath law by his disciples (Matt. 12:3–4).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Shewbread — Shew bread See {Showbread}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shewbread — 1530, Tyndale s word (Exodus xxv:30), influenced by Ger. schaubrot (in Luther), lit. show bread, translating L. panes propositiones, from Gk. artai enopioi, from Heb. lechem panim, the 12 loaves placed every Sabbath before the Lord on a table… …   Etymology dictionary

  • shewbread — [shō′bred΄] n. [ SHEW + BREAD, after Ger schaubrot, Luther s transl. for Heb lechem panim, lit., bread of (the divine) face, or presence] archaic var. of SHOWBREAD …   English World dictionary

  • shewbread — Showbread Show bread , n. (Jewish Antiq.) Bread of exhibition; loaves to set before God; the term used in translating the various phrases used in the Hebrew and Greek to designate the loaves of bread which the priest of the week placed before the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shewbread — /shoh bred /, n. Judaism. the 12 loaves of bread placed every Sabbath on a table in the sanctuary of the Biblical tabernacle and the Temple in Jerusalem as an offering by the priests to God. Ex. 25:30; Lev. 24:5 9. Also, showbread. [1530; SHEW +… …   Universalium

  • SHEWBREAD or SHOWBREAD — (Heb. לֶחֶם פָּנִים / הַפָּנִים; JPS, bread of display ), the bread laid out in the Temple on the golden table (Ex. 25:30; I Sam. 21:7; I Kings 7:48; II Chron. 4:19) which is called the table of Shewbread in Numbers 4:7. The shewbread is also… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • shewbread — or showbread noun Etymology: translation of German Schaubrot Date: 1526 consecrated unleavened bread ritually placed by the Jewish priests of ancient Israel on a table in the sanctuary of the Tabernacle on the Sabbath …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • shewbread — noun Twelve loaves of bread placed on the alter in Jewish Temples and renewed periodically. See showbread …   Wiktionary

  • Shewbread —    Ex. 25:30 (R.V. marg., presence bread ); 1 Chr. 9:32 (marg., bread of ordering ); Num. 4:7: called hallowed bread (R.V., holy bread ) in 1 Sam. 21:1 6.    This bread consisted of twelve loaves made of the finest flour. They were flat and thin …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • shewbread — n. twelve loaves of bread placed every Sabbath in the Tabernacle and in the Temple in Jerusalem as an offering to God (Biblical) …   English contemporary dictionary

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